Due to urbanization and the maximum population of the cities, the outdoor space reduces day by day, as a result of which pollution increases. This pollution affects us and makes us want to be closer to nature. In addition, because we live in busy and fast cities, we spend about 90% of our time indoors.
Therefore, growing indoor plants is a great option. Indoor plants not only make a room look better, but they can also make us feel good. Studies suggest indoor plants promote moods, creativity, concentration, and productivity.
Growing houseplants reduce stress and fatigue and purify the air by absorbing toxins and increasing humidity. But there are a few basic tips for growing healthy indoor plants which are:
The Right Container For Indoor Plants
Choose the right container for the plant you want to grow at home. Small indoor plants require small containers because their roots are small and don’t go down as far. On the other hand, if you’re growing big plants, you’ll need big pots. Aside from size, another element to consider when selecting a container is style. Choose a container with a pleasing design and texture. Ceramic pots are the most common type of indoor plant container, and they come in a wide range of styles, colors, and sizes. Clay pots, terra cotta pots, and plastic pots were also the most popular container for indoor plants.
Use Best Quality Soil
Soil is the base that feeds your plant and allows it to thrive well, and improves plants’ health. Good potting soil has the right amount of aeration, good soil moisture, nutrition, and root promotion properties. You should choose potting soil with organic materials, which give your plant a wide range of nutrients. If you decide to make your potting soil mix, you must consider four essential components of soil mix:
- Base potting soil substrate (For example, coco coir-based potting mix, peat moss-based potting mix).
· Moisture retention and aeration (Vermiculite and perlite are the most popular).
Select Healthy Plants
Select healthy plants with medium to dark green leaves when purchasing new plants. Plants with unusually spotted, yellow, or brown leaves should be avoided. If the plant looks unhealthy in the nursery, it will likely die soon. Avoid plants that have wilted leaves, soft stems, and stunted growth. Check the undersides of leaves for pests. Take the plant out of the pot and inspect the plant’s roots. Roots that are normally healthy should be visible on the surface of the soil ball and have an earthy smell. Unhealthy plant roots have a bad odor.
Consider Proper Lighting Condition
The amount of light needed for a plant is based on the type of plant. Many indoor plants prefer direct light from the sun such as Jade plants, Sago palm, and Aloe vera. Place these plants near south-facing windows which might offer enough light. If you distance these plants from the window, it will affect the light intensity and cause their quality to go down. Similarly, some plants prefer indirect light from the sun such as ZZ plants and spider plants. So, place these plants near the east-facing window. In the absence of natural light, you can also incorporate suitable lighting. Fluorescent bulbs are regarded as one of the best options for artificial lighting. An LED light bulb is another possible choice that is highly effective by producing a balanced ratio of cool and warm light (Blue light and red light). Your plant will also notify you whether it is getting too much or too little light. If the leaves appear to be fading rapidly or becoming white or crispy brown, they may have sunburn due to direct sunlight. The plants will become limp and less compact if they do not receive adequate light.
Indoor Plant Care
Water’s significance for the plant’s proper growth must be addressed. Most plants get damaged or die early because they don’t get enough water. Before watering, check the potting soil to ensure it is dry at least two inches below the surface. Slowly pour water into the potting soil until it flows out of the drainage holes at its bottom. Most plants only require watering once or twice a week and much less in the winter. Apply warm water because it absorbs the most effectively. Use drought-tolerant plants like cast iron plant, snake plants, and spider plant because they don’t need much water. Avoid over-over watering, which will cause root rot.
Feeding indoor plants with fertilizer help them stay healthy and grow strong. However, fertilizer application depends on the plant’s growth rate, age, and season. Because most indoor plants develop rapidly in the spring and summer, this is the optimum time to fertilize them. It is essential to fertilize your plant once a month. You should fertilize your home plant less frequently during the short days of winter
Indoor pests reproduce quickly. They don’t have any natural enemies to keep them in check, so you have to be very careful to look for signs of them. A plant can be infested with spider mites, aphids, mealybugs, and scale within days. So, you should carefully look over a plant for signs of insect damage, like holes in the leaves, etc. Isolate the infected plant and protect the rest indoor garden. To treat an infestation, always use organic pesticides.
The popularity of indoor gardening is increasing day by day. Interior plants not only increase the aesthetic appearance of a house but are also a source of pleasure for us. Indoor gardens require less maintenance as compared to an outdoor garden. However, the indoor environment is not suitable for all plants but there are some best indoor plants, like a spider plant, a snake plant, African violets peace lily, and Jade plant grow best in indoor conditions.